Understanding the Impact of Hypertension in Singapore | High Blood Pressure in Singapore


  • The prevalence of hypertension in Singapore has nearly doubled since 2010.
  • Majority of Singaporeans consume more than recommended amount of salt. This contributes to the rise in incidence of hypertension.

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Hypertension in Singapore

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a prevalent health issue in Singapore, posing a significant risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). This article explores the intricate link between hypertension and CKD in Singapore, leveraging recent statistics to shed light on this critical health concern.

About one in three in Singaporeans aged 18 – 74 have Hypertension

Singapore has witnessed a near doubling in the prevalence of hypertension since 2010. From 19.8% in 2010, the rate escalated to 37% in 2021-2022. This means that more than one in three Singaporeans aged between 18 years old and 74 years old have high blood pressure. This alarming increase underscores the urgency of addressing hypertension as a public health priority. The rise in hypertension cases is attributed to various factors, including dietary patterns, with a significant portion of the population consuming more salt than the recommended daily intake.
hypertension in Singapore

How High Blood Pressure Fuels Chronic Kidney Disease in Singapore

Hypertension is a leading contributor to the development and progression of chronic kidney disease. High blood pressure damages the arteries around the kidneys, impairing their ability to filter blood effectively. Over time, this can lead to CKD, a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function. The statistics reveal a stark reality: the escalating rates of hypertension are directly impacting kidney health, necessitating immediate action to curb this trend.

Key Statistics Highlighting the Link Between Hypertension and CKD risk

The data presents a compelling narrative about the health landscape in Singapore. With hypertension affecting a significant portion of the population and the average sodium intake on the rise, the implications for kidney health are profound. The increase in sodium content in food items, by 22% per dish from 2010 to 2023, further exacerbates the risk, pointing to dietary habits as a key area for intervention. High blood pressure is not just a risk factor for CKD but also a risk factor for stroke. Other risk factors for stroke include smoking, obesity, hyperlipidaemia. One of the other common complications of hypertension is ischaemic heart disease.

Addressing the Issue: A Call to Action

The statistics about hypertension and kidney disease in Singapore serve as a wake-up call. It is imperative to adopt healthier lifestyles, including dietary modifications to reduce salt intake, to mitigate the risk of hypertension and, by extension, CKD. Public health initiatives focusing on education, awareness, and accessible healthcare services are crucial in reversing these concerning trends. While symptoms of hypertension may vary, treatment is usually lifelong.


The link between hypertension and chronic kidney disease in Singapore is underscored by compelling statistics, highlighting the critical need for concerted efforts to address this health issue. Managing hypertension is not just about controlling blood pressure but also about protecting vital organs and preventing chronic conditions like kidney disease. As we move forward, let’s prioritize health, making informed choices that lead to a healthier, hypertension-free Singapore.

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What is hypertension, and why is it a concern in Singapore?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated, posing significant health risks. It’s a growing concern in Singapore, with the prevalence nearly doubling since 2010. High blood pressure can lead to severe health complications, including chronic kidney disease (CKD).

How does hypertension lead to chronic kidney disease?

Hypertension can damage the arteries around the kidneys, impairing their function. Over time, this can lead to CKD, where the kidneys lose their ability to filter waste from the blood effectively. This progression underscores the critical link between managing blood pressure and preventing kidney damage.

What are the current statistics on hypertension and CKD in Singapore?

As of the latest data, hypertension affects 37% of the Singapore population, a significant increase from 19.8% in 2010. This rise in hypertension cases is directly impacting kidney health, highlighting an urgent need for interventions.